Has your dream of having your own yard come true? Whether you have acquired the long-awaited house or a suburban villa for the weekend, you will inevitably face the question – how to plan and organize the yard.
Landscape design is a specific process that requires certain knowledge, creative thinking, a dose of imagination, a lot of work and of course finances. It is best to trust a specialist for this purpose to avoid the risk of serious mistakes, but in case you do not have this opportunity or you just have a great desire to handle this time-consuming task yourself, then the following lines are for you.
1. Determine the purpose of the yard
If your yard is located in a country house or a mountain villa, which will be used only on weekends or less often, then probably its main purpose will be to become an attractive place to relax. In this case, the vegetation should consist of representatives that do not require much care. See: shrubs suitable for the yard of the villa . Bet on perennials that survive without watering, do not need pruning, changing location, etc. There are many shrubs and trees that would be suitable. Create a comfortable place to rest, and the plants will simply complement the corner and fill it with greenery.
If the yard is located in a house for permanent living you need other amenities. In case you want to grow different vegetable and fruit crops, herbs, flowers, you need to determine the places for them.
2. Make a plan
Draw the future yard, observing its dimensions and proportions as accurately as possible. Determine the locations of paths, porches, gazebos, lawns, garden beds. Comply with features such as sloping terrain, groundwater, sunny or shady places, proximity to the house or other buildings. There are a lot of things to think about, so don’t worry about changing the plan as many times as necessary. Do not rush, so as not to make a mistake. Define the stylistic idea of the yard. Will it be in a modern or rustic style? Or maybe a romantic Spanish garden? Remember that each object – arch, gazebo, must be in harmony with the environment – architectural elements, landscaping, etc. Once you have a plan, check where you can get the materials you need to make it happen.
3. Think about the fence
The function of the fence is to determine the boundaries of the property and its protection from outsiders. However, it also plays a significant role in the appearance and design of the yard. The fence can be made of metal, stone, brick, wrought iron, concrete, wood. Each material has advantages and disadvantages, the choice depends on the style of the garden and its functionality, finances and personal preferences of the owners. From the inside the fence can be decorated with various creeping plants. The most ecological option for a fence is a hedge. However, it requires maintenance and is suitable for homes with permanent occupancy or at least those that are frequented. If you want the fence to be year-round, you should choose evergreen plants – thuja, yew, cypress, cotton.
4. Plan the alleys
Carefully consider the locations of the paths so that you have easy and convenient access to any point in the garden where necessary. After choosing a place, think about the flooring. It must withstand severe loads, be resistant to wear and tear, as well as sun, cold, snow, water, temperature fluctuations.
Ideas for paths in the garden
The paths should be wide enough, not only for human passage, but also for garden equipment. The coating should not slip and be easily cleaned of snow, leaves, dust, mud.
5. Landscaping plays a key role
The choice of vegetation depends on the type of soil, the presence of sunlight, the possibilities for plant care and the overall ideology of the yard. If you want to enjoy greenery all year round, choose evergreen species. Most of them are coniferous, but there are also deciduous. To enjoy flowering plants from late winter to late autumn, combine species with successive flowering. Adjust them so that they fit not only visually, but also have the same requirements for environmental factors. Always plant tall plants in the background and low ones in the front. The lawn occupies a special place in each garden. Consider what grass mixtures to use and maintain the grass carpet regularly.
6. Water is an integral part of the garden
The water in the garden can be represented by a pool, decorative lake, fountain, artificial stream. The water area occupies an important place in the yard. It gives it harmony, calm and special charm. The murmur of the water in combination with the chirping of the birds creates a pleasant, relaxing atmosphere. For this reason, place the pond near the recreation area. The place for the lake should be chosen carefully. It should not be under a tree, as you will have to constantly clean it from fallen leaves. The pond should be under direct sunlight and in a ventilated place to maintain a favorable microclimate in it. The dimensions of the reservoir depend on the shape, size and proportions of the yard as well as on the specific place. If you want to keep fish in the lake, it is better to be deeper – about a meter or more. In summer, the fish head to the colder, ie deeper parts of the lake. In addition, they are saturated with more oxygen.
7. Rest area
The recreation area can be a gazebo, pergola, corner with benches, sunbeds or a hammock. If there is a pool in the yard, it is usually located around it. If you have small children, don’t forget to organize an outdoor playground for them, which will surely become their favorite place in the summer.
Choose comfortable and practical furniture. It is preferable to be made of artificial rattan or wrought iron because in addition to being strong and beautiful, they are resistant to the vagaries of time. Organize a relaxation area near the barbecue, pool or house, depending on the layout of the yard and your preferences.
8. Summer kitchen or barbecue
If the yard is small and there is no space for an outdoor kitchen, you can make a mini grill – a corner around the recreation area. However, if the area is large enough, in no case do not deprive yourself of the pleasure of the summer kitchen. Combine it with a dining room and you will enjoy unforgettable evenings outdoors with family or friends.
Be sure to provide a canopy to protect the kitchen in bad weather conditions such as rain, wind, strong sun. Also consider appropriate lighting.
9. Decoration is important
Both inside the home and in the exterior design, the decoration is an important element that gives it a finished look. The decorative elements can be different colored figures, unnecessary household items, decorated with perennial flowers such as a bicycle, a handcar, for wood, an old bucket, a ladder, etc. You can make your own flower beds from car tires , old teapots, vases, bird cages. The ideas are endless. Thanks to the handmade decoration you will bring a bit of yourself into the yard, your handwriting, character and energy.
10. Consider lighting options
The objects that must be well lit are: the entrance to the house, stairs, paths, water area, playground, summer kitchen. Additionally, you can use decorative lighting in the form of solar lamps or LED floodlights. With additional lighting you can emphasize various architectural or plant forms such as attractive shrubs, sculptures, arches, benches, rock gardens, etc.
In conclusion, we must say that this topic does not cover all issues of planning, creating and decorating the yard. The process is long, difficult and every detail must be well thought out. Give him enough time to achieve the desired result.